South Africa occupied the German colony of South-West Africa during World War I and administered it as its mandate until after World War II, when it annexed the territory. In 1966 the South-West Africa People's Organization (SWAPO) through its People's Liberation Army of Namibia (PLAN) launched a war of independence for the area that was soon named Namibia, but it was not until 1988 that South Africa agreed to end its administration in accordance with a UN peace plan for the entire region. Namibia won its independence in 1990 and has been governed by SWAPO since. Mr. Hifikepunye Pohamba was elected president in November 2004 in a landslide victory replacing the father of the nation - Dr. Sam Nujoma who led the country during its first 14 years of self-rule.



Capital                                                                                   Windhoek
Area                                                                                   824 269 km2
Population 2,165,828 (July 2012 est.)
Population growth rate    0,817% (July 2012 est.)
Languages English (Official), Oshivambo, Herero, Afrikaans and others


Health & Education                                              
Life expectancy                                                                   52,17 years (July 2012 est.)
Infant mortality rate (under 5 years) 45.61 deaths/ 1.000 live births (July 2012 est.)
Fertility rate 2.41 children born/ woman (july 2012 est.)
Ability to read, grown up over 15 years Male 86.8%/ Female 83.5%


Agriculture products                                                                                      Millet, sorghum, peanuts, grapes, livestock, fish
GDP per capita USD 7,300 (2011)
GDP composition by sector

Agriculture: 7,1%, Industry: 34,4%, Services: 58,5% (2011)

Income frome exports, compostion by sector            52% minerals (70% diamonds) 25% fish and fish products, 13% live animals, meat and animal products.
Industries Meatpacking, fish processing, dairy products, mining; zink, tin, silver, tungsten, uranium, copper.
Inflation 5,3% (2011)

Diamonds, copper, gold, zink, lead, uranium, cattle, processed fish, karakul skins

Unemployment rate 51,2% (2008)
Politics & Religion                                                 
Independence Day March 21 1990                                  German colony until 1914, thereafter occupied by South Africa
Political system Republic, multi-party system, latest election 2004 
President H. Pohamba (SWAPO), 2004-), Sam Nujoma (SWAPO), 1990-2004. 
Females in the parliament 17,3%
Religions Christians 80% to 90% (Lutheran 50 at least), traditional 10% to 20%